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The Effects of Security Education Training and Awareness Programs and Individual Characteristics on End User Security Tool Usage



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Journal of Information Systems Security
Volume 5, Number 3 (2009)
Pages 322
ISSN 1551-0123 (Print)
ISSN 1551-0808 (Online)
Robert E. Crossler — University of Texas Pan American, USA
France Bélanger — Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, USA
Information Institute Publishing, Washington DC, USA




The security behaviors of individuals are an important aspect of the overall goal of creating a secure computing environment. Recent surveys have shown that individuals’ security behaviors are one of the greatest security risks for companies. The purpose of this research is to explore the effects some individual characteristics and a security education, training, and awareness program have on security tool usage by individuals. This is accomplished by using an experimental research approach where an initial survey was conducted, different instruction levels were given to different groups, and a post-treatment survey was conducted. Results suggest that a person’s level of computer self-efficacy, along with gender, significantly impacts his or her use of security tools. Results also show that education in the use of security tools is necessary in order to improve usage. The implications of these findings are discussed.




Information Security, Training, Experiment, Computer Self-efficacy, Gender




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